There are several reasons why someone might choose to follow a gluten-free diet:
Celiac Disease: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the consumption of gluten causes damage to the small intestine. People with celiac disease must follow a strict gluten-free diet to avoid symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloating, and fatigue.
Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity: Some people may experience similar symptoms to those with celiac disease when consuming gluten, but do not have the same autoimmune response. This condition is known as non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Following a gluten-free diet may help alleviate symptoms for these individuals.
Wheat Allergy: Some people may have an allergic reaction to wheat, which is one of the main sources of gluten. Symptoms may include hives, itching, and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, anaphylaxis can occur, which can be life-threatening. For these individuals, avoiding gluten-containing foods is crucial.
Health and Wellness: Some people choose to follow a gluten-free diet for health and wellness reasons, such as to manage symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or other digestive issues. However, it's important to note that following a gluten-free diet may not necessarily lead to better health outcomes for everyone and can even result in nutrient deficiencies if not done properly.
Personal Choice: Some people may choose to follow a gluten-free diet as a personal preference or dietary restriction, such as for religious or cultural reasons.
It's important to note that following a gluten-free diet can be challenging, as gluten is found in many common foods, such as bread, pasta, and cereals. It's crucial to work with a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to ensure that the diet is nutritionally balanced and to avoid nutrient deficiencies.